Hurricane Mk. IIc
火力
7
机动性
7
爬升率
5
耐久性
6
速度
5
对地攻击
5

乘员
1
主炮
2 x Hispano Mk.II 20mm cannon with 90 rpg in wings.
副炮
2 x Hispano Mk.II 20mm cannon with 90 rpg in wings.
自卫机枪
机载武器
2 x 250 lb (113 kg) or 2 x 535 lb (242 kg) bombs or 2 x 317 lbs (144 kg) drop tanks, or 8 x 82 lb (37 kg) RP-3 A2G rockets under wings.
发动机
1 x Rolls-Royce Merlin XX in-line rated for 1,460 hp at sea level (1,535 hp with WEP).
机内燃油容量
698 lbs (317 kg).
外挂燃油容量
634 lbs (288 kg) in 2 drop tanks under wings.
最大速度
268 mph (431 kph) at sea level, 329 mph (529 kph) at 21,000 ft (6400 m).
爬升率
2,625 ft.per minute (800 m/min), 6.0 min to 15,000 ft (4570 m).
实用升限
35,600 ft (10851 m).
Range
460 – 920 miles (740 – 1480 km).
翼展
40 ft 0 in (12.19 m).
Length
32 ft 3 in (9.83 m).
Height
13 ft 1 in (3.99 m).
挂载能力
7,300 lbs (3311 kg).
翼面积
257.5 sq ft (24 sq m).
翼载荷
28.3 lbs/sq ft (138.0 kg/sq m).

History

By the end of 1939 it became obvious that the Hurricane Mk.I was being outclassed both by the newer Messerschmitt fighters and Spitfires.

Looking for a way to improve both the performance and the firepower of the Hurricane, Hawker engineers started work in January 1940 on a version to be powered by the new Merlin XX engine featuring a brace of twelve Browning .303 machine guns. The first stage of this development culminated in the introduction of the Hurricane Mk.IIA, which was fitted with the new engine but retained the eight-gun armament of the Mk.IA.

The second stage resulted in the development of two different wings, each of which was stressed to carry a pair of 500 lb. bombs. The first wing was fitted with the originally intended twelve machine guns, however the second wing was designed around an armament of four 20mm Hispano cannon.

The Mk.IIC, as the cannon-armed version was known, proved to be the most useful and widely used variant of the Hurricane, with 4,711 examples being produced. Additionally, most IIA and IIB machines were retrofitted with the IIC wing and were thus redesignated as IIC models. In 1943 the IICs were themselves retrofitted with four rocket rails under each wing, allowing the plane to carry eight 3” air-to-ground RP-3 rockets.

强项

  1. Firepower — The four 20mm Hispano cannon give the Hurricane an excellent air-to-ground and air-to-air capability.
  2. Ground Attack — With both good anti-tank cannon and a brace of eight rockets, the Hurricane IIC can do some serious damage to ground targets

弱点

  1. Speed — By mid-war, the Hurricane was outclassed by the German fighters it was facing

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