Hurricane Mk. IIc
FIREPOWER
7
MANEUVERABILITY
7
CLIMB RATE
5
DURABILITY
6
SPEED
5
GROUND ATTACK
5

Crew
1
Primary Guns
2 x Hispano Mk.II 20mm cannon with 90 rpg in wings.
Secondary Guns
2 x Hispano Mk.II 20mm cannon with 90 rpg in wings.
Defensive Guns
Ordnance
2 x 250 lb (113 kg) or 2 x 535 lb (242 kg) bombs or 2 x 317 lbs (144 kg) drop tanks, or 8 x 82 lb (37 kg) RP-3 A2G rockets under wings.
Engine(s)
1 x Rolls-Royce Merlin XX in-line rated for 1,460 hp at sea level (1,535 hp with WEP).
Int Fuel Capacity
698 lbs (317 kg).
Ext Fuel Capacity
634 lbs (288 kg) in 2 drop tanks under wings.
Maximum Speeds
268 mph (431 kph) at sea level, 329 mph (529 kph) at 21,000 ft (6400 m).
Climb Rate
2,625 ft.per minute (800 m/min), 6.0 min to 15,000 ft (4570 m).
Service Ceiling
35,600 ft (10851 m).
Range
460 – 920 miles (740 – 1480 km).
Wingspan
40 ft 0 in (12.19 m).
Length
32 ft 3 in (9.83 m).
Height
13 ft 1 in (3.99 m).
Loaded Weight
7,300 lbs (3311 kg).
Wing Area
257.5 sq ft (24 sq m).
Wing Loading
28.3 lbs/sq ft (138.0 kg/sq m).

History

By the end of 1939 it became obvious that the Hurricane Mk.I was being outclassed both by the newer Messerschmitt fighters and Spitfires.

Looking for a way to improve both the performance and the firepower of the Hurricane, Hawker engineers started work in January 1940 on a version to be powered by the new Merlin XX engine featuring a brace of twelve Browning .303 machine guns. The first stage of this development culminated in the introduction of the Hurricane Mk.IIA, which was fitted with the new engine but retained the eight-gun armament of the Mk.IA.

The second stage resulted in the development of two different wings, each of which was stressed to carry a pair of 500 lb. bombs. The first wing was fitted with the originally intended twelve machine guns, however the second wing was designed around an armament of four 20mm Hispano cannon.

The Mk.IIC, as the cannon-armed version was known, proved to be the most useful and widely used variant of the Hurricane, with 4,711 examples being produced. Additionally, most IIA and IIB machines were retrofitted with the IIC wing and were thus redesignated as IIC models. In 1943 the IICs were themselves retrofitted with four rocket rails under each wing, allowing the plane to carry eight 3” air-to-ground RP-3 rockets.

Strengths

  1. Firepower — The four 20mm Hispano cannon give the Hurricane an excellent air-to-ground and air-to-air capability.
  2. Ground Attack — With both good anti-tank cannon and a brace of eight rockets, the Hurricane IIC can do some serious damage to ground targets

Weakness

  1. Speed — By mid-war, the Hurricane was outclassed by the German fighters it was facing

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